Medieval murals painted over by Shakespeare’s father revealed for first time in 450 years

The wind in the wires made a tattle-tale sound When the wave broke over the railing And every man knew, as the captain did too ‘Twas the witch of November come stealin’ -Gordon Lightfoot, “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald” On November 10, , two ships made their way in tandem across the stormy waters of Lake Superior. Anderson, led by Captain Jesse Cooper. The other, captained by Ernest McSorley, was the S. The ship was last seen on radar around 7: Here’s what we do know about the S. Edmund Fitzgerald, and what happened to it that fateful day: The large cargo vessels that roamed the five Great Lakes were known as lakers, and the S. Edmund Fitzgerald was, at the time, the biggest ever built.

Dates and sources

Its be-earringed playwright, pictured without the usual ruff, seems to show an altogether tougher character than the figure that appears in more familiar likenesses. Yes, we know that a man named Will Shakespeare was born in the Warwickshire town of Stratford-upon-Avon in We know that someone of pretty much the same name married and had children there the baptismal register says Shaxpere, the marriage bond Shagspere , that he went to London, was an actor.

The Shakespeare authorship question is the argument that someone other than William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon wrote the works attributed to him. A group theory was also described in Gilbert Slater’s The Seven Shakespeares (), so his lifespan fits the consensus dating of the works. His initials were W. S., and he was known.

Have the class read each poem aloud, with one student reading the octave and the other the sestet, or, depending on the poem, three students each reading a quatrain and a fourth reading the concluding couplet. Ask students to discuss how these poems are different from those written by Shakespearean and Renaissance writers.

Ask them to note how diction and concerns change over the centuries. What is the same and what is altered? Ask students to talk about why these poets might have chosen to write a sonnet and not write in free verse? Ask students to identify these poems as Shakespearean or Petrarchan in form? Ask students to comment on how women change Petrarchan conventions. See our modules on Petrarch and Petrarchan conventions. Have students identify the continuing influence of Shakespeare today.

Assessment Do students understand that sonnets are not just a form but a way of thinking?

Hamlet and As You Like It review, Shakespeare’s Globe: the good, the bad and the plain cuckoo

Lee died five years after the Civil War ended, the cause of his death had doctors stumped. He had been in poor health, but his specific illness was a mystery; there weren’t many clues beyond symptoms Lee had described in letters. This was before electrocardiograms and x-rays existed.

Scholars say that William Shakespeare used as many as 30, different words in his plays and poetry. They further estimate that he knew about a quarter of all the words circulating in English.

When Shakespeare wrote Hamlet and the stories that inspired him. Dating the play When was Hamlet written? At this time, only members of the Stationers’ Company were permitted to publish material for sale: Some of the titles were never actually printed and remained only entries but the Register has proved an invaluable fund of information for later students of literature. Ophelia, ‘Hamlet’, Act 4 Scene 5, oil on canvas. In London in , a company of boy players were enjoying great success at the Blackfriars Theatre, at the expense of the adult companies performing at other venues.

So is the likeliest date of composition. No printed text of this play survives and it may well have been seen only in performance and never in print. References from the late s through to the mid s testify to its popularity and to the presence of a ghost crying out for revenge. This play did survive in print and was a huge theatrical hit in the late s and 90s, delighting the contemporary taste for intrigue, bloodshed and ghostly presences. Ancient Scandinavian sagas Kyd and Shakespeare were the latest spinners of an age-old yarn originating in the ancient sagas of Scandinavia.

It is the story of the murder of a Danish ruler by his brother Fengo , swiftly followed by the marriage of the widowed queen Gerutha to the murderous brother, the assumed madness of the dead king’s son Amleth and his voyage to England during which he alters the letters bearing his death warrant, and his return to avenge himself upon his father’s killer. Belleforest made the significant addition of the queen’s adultery with her brother-in-law, during her marriage to the king.

Kyd’s lost dramatic version of Belleforest’s account was the next stage in the reshaping of the story until we come to Shakespeare’s astonishing transformation of the material into a profound and psychologically-acute investigation of private and public morality and the nature of our dealings with life and death.

Marriage and Family in Shakespeare’s England

But the works of the Bard, Sarks says, held little appeal for her as a theatre maker. I want politics that feel more aligned to my own. Dominic Lorrimer With four plot strands jostling for attention, massive shifts in mood from Pick-a-Box game show to tense courtroom drama, and, most problematic of all, a savagely stereotypical Jewish villain who is both victim and monster, The Merchant of Venice has long been regarded as one of Shakespeare’s most difficult plays to stage in modern times.

contemporize Shakespeares drama since theatre by definition is a living medium involving a corporate€. William Shakespeare the Dramatist, biography, facts and quotes William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and.

Why did humans start cooking their food? Food historians, archaeologists, and paleontolgists do not have exact an answer due to the age of the evidence. They do, however, have theories. While roasting over an open fire appears to be the first method, boiling was not far behind. Whether or not it came as a gastronomic revelation can only be guessed at, but since heat helps to release protein and carbohydrate as well as break down fibre, cooking increases the nutritive value of many foods and makes edible some that would otherwise be inedible.

Improved health must certainly have been one result of the discovery of cooking, and it has even been argued, by the late Carleton Coon, that cooking was the decisive factor in leading man from a primarily animal existence into one that was more fully human’. Whatever the case, by all the laws of probability roasting must have been the first method used, its discovery accidental. The concept of roast meat could scarcely have existed without knowledge of cooking, nor the concept of cooking without knowledge of roast meat.

Charles Lamb’s imaginary tale of the discovery of roast pork is not, perhaps, too far off the mark.

Dominic Dromgoole: Shakespeare’s last plays are among his greatest

From the start, Buckingham is only too willing to provide his support for Richard’s schemes. He immediately allies himself with Richard by scorning his exemption from Margaret’s curse. From then on, he willingly shares the risk for his share of the spoils. Remember, patronage is an important issue. During Edward IV’s reign, Queen Elizabeth saw to it that her relatives and supporters were taken care of. Buckingham saw Richard as his key to prosperity.

Offers the largest list of William Shakespeare love quotes from his sonnets and plays.

The Cruise Route Please note: Attractions in grey aren’t visible from the River. The original bridge completed in was the second bridge over the Thames. The present bridge was opened in The Houses of Parliament Designed by Charles Barry and the underlying genius of Pugin who was responsible for all the decorative work. The buildings occupied the site of the old Royal Palace of Westminster which had burnt down in Neither Barry nor Pugin were to live to see the new buildings completed.

Shakespeare authorship question

The popularity of films such as Shakespeare in Love indicates a hunger to find the true Shakespeare, the man behind the myth. Accompanied by a page book, it is a big budget, beautifully photographed, and highly entertaining pro-Stratford exposition that purports to show how an unschooled Glover’s son from Stratford became the greatest writer in the English language.

After four hours, I’m still scratching my head. Wood In Search of the Trojan War narrates the documentary with a gee-whiz enthusiasm, yet offers, in addition to the usual embellishments, nothing new about Shakespeare except for some interesting items relating to his family and their Catholic inclinations. The documentary is worth watching, however, for its colorful dramatization of English history, excellent excerpts from Shakespeare’s plays, and amazing Victorian photographs of old Tudor Inns and homes in London that are no longer standing.

The host is often seen in an archive, office, or estate library thumbing through yellowing parchments and springing to life with a pixie-ish grin when he discovers the name Shaksper or Shakeshafte or some variety thereof.

For theater fans, April means the crush of Broadway shows opening in time for Tony Award consideration, but it also signals the date on which William Shakespeare was .

The absence of documentary proof of Shakespeare’s education is often a part of anti-Stratfordian arguments. The free King’s New School in Stratford, established , was about 0. This lack of documentation is taken by many anti-Stratfordians as evidence that Shakespeare had little or no education. The author’s vocabulary is calculated to be between 17, and 29, words. The appearance of Shakespeare’s six surviving authenticated [45] signatures, which they characterise as “an illiterate scrawl”, is interpreted as indicating that he was illiterate or barely literate.

Spelling of Shakespeare’s name Shakespeare’s name was hyphenated on the cover of the quarto edition of the Sonnets. In his surviving signatures William Shakespeare did not spell his name as it appears on most Shakespeare title pages. His surname was spelled inconsistently in both literary and non-literary documents, with the most variation observed in those that were written by hand. This hyphen use is construed to indicate a pseudonym by most anti-Stratfordians, [53] who argue that fictional descriptive names such as “Master Shoe-tie” and “Sir Luckless Woo-all” were often hyphenated in plays, and pseudonyms such as “Tom Tell-truth” were also sometimes hyphenated.

Aristocrats such as Derby and Oxford supposedly used pseudonyms because of a prevailing ” stigma of print “, a social convention that putatively restricted their literary works to private and courtly audiences—as opposed to commercial endeavours—at the risk of social disgrace if violated. Bacon to avoid the consequences of advocating a more republican form of government , [56] and Marlowe to avoid imprisonment or worse after faking his death and fleeing the country.

Anti-Stratfordians say that nothing in the documentary record explicitly identifies Shakespeare as a writer; [58] that the evidence instead supports a career as a businessman and real-estate investor; that any prominence he might have had in the London theatrical world aside from his role as a front for the true author was because of his money-lending, trading in theatrical properties, acting, and being a shareholder.

They also believe that any evidence of a literary career was falsified as part of the effort to shield the true author’s identity.


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